J-P58[ edit ] The P58 marker which defines subgroup J1c3 was announced in Karafetbut had been announced earlier under the name Page08 in Repping and called that again in Chiaroni It is altcoin prevalent in many areas where J-M is common, especially in parts of North Africa and altcoin the Arabian peninsula.
Notably, it is not common among the J-M of the Caucasus. Chiaroni proposed that J-P58 that they refer to as J1e might have first dispersed during the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period, “from a geographical zone, including northeast Syria, northern Iraq and eastern Turkey toward Mediterranean Anatolia, Dna from southern Syria, Jordan, Palestine and northern Egypt.
They also propose that this movement of people may also be linked to the dispersal of Semitic languages by hunter-herderswho moved into arid areas during earn known to have had low rainfall. Thus, while other haplogroups including J-M moved out of the area with agriculturalists who followed the rainfall, populations carrying J-M remained with their flocks King and Chiaroni According to this scenario, after the initial neolithic expansion involving Semitic languageswhich possibly reached as far as Yemen, a more recent dispersal occurred during the Chalcolithic or Early Bronze Age approximately — BCEand this involved the branch of Semitic which leads to the Arabic language.
The authors propose that this involved a spread of some J-P58 from the direction of Syria towards Arab populations of the Arabian Altcoin and Negev. On the other hand, the authors agree that later waves of dispersion in and around this area have also had complex effects upon the distributions of some types of J-P58 in altcoin regions.
They list three regions which are particularly important to their proposal: In this area, Chiaroni note a “patchy distribution of J1c3 or J-P58 frequency” which is difficult to interpret, and which “may reflect the complex demographic dynamics of religion and ethnicity in the region”.
The northern area of eastern Anatolia, northern Iraq and northwest Iran. In this area, Chiaroni recognize signs that J-M might have an older presence, and on balance they accept the evidence but note that it could be in error. The southern area of Oman, Yemen and Ethiopia. It is still a subject of research though.
This relatively young cluster, compared to J-M overall, was identified by STR markers haplotypes – specifically YCAII asand DYS having unusual repeat values of 15 or higher, instead of more typical 13 Chiaroni This cluster was found to be relevant in some earn studies of Jewish and Palestinian populations Nebel and Earn More generally, since then this cluster has been found to be frequent among men in the Middle East and North Africa, but less frequent in areas of Ethiopia and Europe where J-M is nevertheless common.
This Arabic type includes Arabic speakers from MaghrebSudanIraq and Qatarand it is a relatively homogeneous group, implying that it might have earn relatively recently altcoin to J-M generally.
The more diverse “Eurasian” group includes EuropeansKurdsIranians and Ethiopians despite Ethiopia being outside of Eurasiaand is much more diverse. The authors also say that “Omanis show a mix of Eurasian pool-like and typical Arabic haplotypes as expected, considering the role of corridor played at different times by the Gulf of Oman dna the dispersal of Asian and East African genes.
This cluster in turn contains three well-known related sub-clusters.
First, it contains the majority of the Jewish ” Cohen modal haplotype “, found among Jewish populations, but especially in men with surnames related to Cohen. Nebel then pointed out that the Galilee modal is also the most frequent type of J-P haplotype found in northwest Africans, and in Yemen, so it is not isolated to the area of Israel and the Palestine. But notably, this particular variant “is absent from two distinct non-Arab Middle Eastern populations, Jews and Muslim Kurds”, even though both these populations do have high levels of J-P haplotypes.
Nebel noted not only the presence of the Galilee modal of J-M in the Maghreb but also that J-M in this region had very little diversity generally. They concluded that J-M in this region “is derived not only from the early Neolithic dispersion but also from recent expansions from the Arabian peninsula” proposing that they might have been carried from the Middle East with the Arab expansion in the seventh century AD.
Research about Haplogroups (Y-DNA, mtDNA), Autosomal DNA and Genetic History
More recent studies have emphasized doubt that the Islamic expansions are old enough to completely explain the major patterns of J-M frequencies.